Evapotranspiration – The Water Cycle

What is evapotranspiration? …as defined by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) If you search for the definition of evapotranspiration, you will find that it varies. In general, evapotranspiration is the sum of evaporation and transpiration. Some definitions include evaporation from surface-water bodies, even the oceans. But, since we have a Web page just about evaporation, our definition of evapotranspiration will not include evaporation from surface water. Here, evapotranspiration is defined as the water lost to the atmosphere from the ground surface, evaporation from the capillary fringe of the groundwater table, and the transpiration of groundwater by plants whose roots tap the capillary fringe of the groundwater table.    I got the thought that we have finally reached the tipping point of killing off all of our vegetation’s… Maybe not in my lifetime yet with our path we have chosen with chemically raised food… well eventually … How you ask… well you need to put on your thinking caps for a second and close your eyes and imagine your mind’s eye travelling from coast to coast with what is about to take place on all of acres being planted on FARMLAND… Well think about the gozillion gallons of water mixed Glyphosate being spread everywhere. YEAR AFTER YEAR! EVERY SRPING! Now think about this word… Evapotranspiration Click Link Below Evapotranspiration – The Water Cycle I am quite certain that with the heat of the day, as all of these tractors are spraying that vegetation, that all of the chemicals do not stay on the intended plant  and again becomes airborne.  In Vapors, Transpiration, Condensation in the noon day’s sun… and again goes...

An Arrow, A Young Buck & Venison Marsala

Well it is that time of year when the leaves fall and the arrows fly! Yes it is Archery for deer in the hills of Black Rock and I suspect over the next few weeks hunting will be on top of the todo list around here as we are visited by friends and neighbors seeking an elusive trophy buck or just some deer bologna for the frig! Now with that thought in mind… First I thought it would be nice to take some time and share some information about deer hunting in Pennsylvania for those that may be interested in spending some time wandering the hills and valleys of Penn’s Woods in pursuit. …and with that… Here is a great insight to get you started with the basics of what you need to know by reading the tons of information on “Pennsylvania Game Commission Info. on Deer” …and don’t forget to visit this next page as it too has tons of information to make anyone a better hunter because an educated hunter is a “SAFE HUNTER” …and with a bit of effort, some special time and just the right amount of luck, one of your arrows may hit it’s mark and you’ll spend the evening preparing your bounty as has been the case many past eves in the hills of Black Rock… …as these days of hunting this season pass, I keep thinking Venison on the grill… … yes there is nothing else like… “VENISON MARSALA BackWoods Style!” (click above to view...

Egg Farm Factory

Well it is Spring and with that starts the abundance of egg laying. What better time to start up and get going the Egg Farm Factory! …and since things do get kind of slow over the winter with many of the egg workers getting laid off, it is a Great Time for some cleaning and fixing! …so here is what maintenance got done installing only the latest in advance technology of egg laying equipment before even any of the workers are brought back to full time egg laying… …and as always checking to be sure that the utmost care has been implemented in our engineering of ergonomic design for the safety and health of our Egg Laying Employees! So if you were considering starting your own egg factory, here are a few suggestions how to get the most out of your factory workers! First thing early in the morning, Call a Meeting! …discuss the day’s plans on what you would like to see accomplished! …and it helps to provide some snacks, maybe a scoop or two of some good grains, maybe some veggie trimmings, some worms, a little corn, etc. …and always be positive for a job well done for providing free ranged organic nutrient dense eggs for the dinner table is not an easy job!…there are all sorts of inherited Dangers that comes with the profession… FOX, HAWKS and WEASELS just to name a few! …and always make sure you offer your egg laying employees plenty of time for breaks and outside activities, including possible on site exercise programs… …so remember if you decide to industrialize your eggs...

Your Local Farm Club, Your Local Food!

The Benefits of going Local and becoming your own Farmer! There are as many reasons for becoming and supporting a “Local Grown Farm Club” as there are farmers, but here are the most important ones: A Friendly and Fresh Connection Becoming your own Farmer is supporting “local grown” farm production that puts a “face and hands” behind the foods you and your local community consumes and keeps everyone connected to the seasons, as well as the unique flavor and diversity of local foods. Local Means Green Becoming your own Farmer and your own local grower/producer reduces the environmental impact and costs of transporting product that happens when buying food from wherever. Preserving Character Becoming your own Farmer on a Small local farm adds a valuable component of a community’s character, helping maintain agricultural heritage, preserve land use diversity, and moderate development. Crop Diversity and Quality Becoming your own Farmer means producing for a local home area and choosing to diversify, growing a variety of foods instead of just one. This is a boom for biodiversity and everyone’s palate, since local foods are harvested at their peak of freshness and flavor and under your control and care. Local Means Green — Again Minimizing handling and transportation costs gives you, the Farmer maximum return on their labors. And most of the money spent on local production stays in the community, “greening up” the local economy here at HOME. So becoming your own Farmer Supports LOCAL Grown Farm Foods! Becoming your own Farmer is supporting a local Community Food System that also means creating a partnership of mutual commitment between a farm...

the Living Soil

I mentioned before that I believe our future sustainability is much more dependent upon the things we can not see then it is on the things we can. None more so then the very hidden threads of life that we find under our feet and that has been called by many as the Living Soil. This, a very complex community of very diverse groups of organisms, ranging from one-celled algae, fungi, protozoa and bacteria, to nematodes and arthropods, to earthworms, insects, small vertebrates and plants. All of which come together to work into some natural balance of making healthy Living Soil. It is healthy living soil that then produces healthy food. It then becomes up to us to know what is healthy living soil and how to help to maintain it when we disturb it by raising our food. In other words… Feed the Soil and the Soil will Feed You.  These diverse organisms bring the soil alive, grow, eat and move through the soil. They make it possible to have clean water, clean air, healthy plants and moderate water flow.  These soil organisms decompose organic compounds. They sequester nitrogen and other nutrients and fix nitrogen from the atmosphere, making it available to plants. Many of these organisms increase soil aggregation and porosity, thus increasing infiltration and reducing runoff. Some prey on crop pest and are food for above ground animals. This delicate dance of life is known in Soil Biology as the SOIL FOOD WEB. The above and below images were borrowed from… “BLM NSTC Soil Biological Communities” It is said the best way to grow healthy soil is to...